Bluegill - Big Bluegill

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Perca Flavescens, Yellow Perch ,named for the yellowish coloring they display .But one can think of them as Flavor -scens ,because they are a great tasting panfish. These striking looking fish, are very plentiful in many New Jersey lakes as well as  elsewhere in the country. Within they're natural range , they are often the most consistent cold water period fish to be caught .With perhaps the summer months being the most  difficult time to find them, they are a 12 month of the year food fish.If there are Walleye in the same lake the 'Eyes' should not be far off this favorite food source.

Yellow Perch  are notorious for feeding down ,so on or close to bottom is a great place to start .Working  the water column from top to bottom while jiggling and raising the rod tip sometimes results in catches at all depths. I've seen it work that way on shallow flats dropping into a creek channel at  6-12 feet in my home lake. White Perch as well as yellows can be picked off slow trolling over or to the sides of the creek channel in the cold water periods of early Spring and late fall. When you find a hotspot that has them bunched up  try for numbers by  jigging.16th oz.  When fishing from shore  Marabou Jigs un tipped once the water gets 64 degrees equals Yellow and White Perch .The retrieve that triggers sometimes is a slow steady reeling with rod tip jiggles and occasional pauses.Often however ,whatever the season , a faster presentation targets a White Perch bite and a slower  approach gets the Yellows . White Perch have rough scales like a Yellow Perch but are actually Bass family members. They are often found and caught in numbers ,feeding competitively  together with Yellows. It's as if they are working together as allies! In some Northeast waters ,both Yellow and White Perch  are regularly the first fish to be seen in the shallow coves and shorelines shortly after iceout. I have found that a water pipe inlet or stream, that's flowing nicely ,is a magnet for both Yellow and White Perch .After warm rains ,scores of Perch, as well as other panfish ,can be caught .The action can last as long as the weather is stable and the water is flowing well .If the water is not flowing as much you may have to use long casts from shore to get out to where the fish may have dropped back to . I prefer getting in the boat and fishing away from shore on flats adjacent to where the stream bed reaches out further from shore . You can relocate those fish that seemed to have disappeared .

In summer ,drifting a crawler piece on or near bottom through basin areas can be the ticket for BIG Yellows! Anchoring next to a hole off a steep bank and fishing a bait tipped spoon on or near bottom is a choice for summer White and Yellow Perch. Often working the spoon a little quicker selects the White Perch from the Yellows.   These summer tactics  continue to  work well approaching the mid- fall  period.During early Summer thru early fall, trolling #2 - #4 spinners and 1/8th, 1/4 oz. or heavier cranks near mid lake humps and dropoffs when the wind is up works well for White and Yellow Perch. Rebel Wee R Crawfish  and Bomber 4 F cranks produce well. Slow down if you're missing fish and you may start catching them on the rear hook of the crankbait making it easier to release an unharmed fish. After contacting Perch while trolling ,drifting and casting baited jigs or spoons over the same area can be employed to catch some other  perhaps less active but  bigger fish. Drag your lure and baits close to or on the bottom lifting /dropping/dragging  till you make contact again.Try to  notice exactly when the fish hit to develop a refined presentation!

 

 Early to mid fall is a great  time for tandem swim jig rigs, and if the fish are bunching up and the bites hot this may be a quicker way to fill the stringer than the very effective slip float approach .One way to work a tandem rig is the slow steady swim with perhaps a few twitches of the rod tip now and again. A second alternative ,at times preferred by the fish ,is more of a drop, lift, drop, drag bottom retrieve ,the way you might work a single jig or spoon. I prefer to  work  a single jig when fishing  on or right near bottom  unless theres not much danger of frequent hang ups.  

 When late fall approaches and arrives ,colder  water may dictate the single jig approach, for better control.  A very patient retrieve that may include more frequent and longer pauses on bottom can produce when you think the fish aren't there because your swimming approach isn't working . Perch will sometimes just pick it up off bottom and swim away so watch the line where it enters the water .

 In late Fall, bank fishing with Slip or fix Floated jigs tipped with bait for Yellow Perch can be a Bonanza ! Rip Rap dam areas have produced many Yellow Perch in this period. Especially when the wind is pushing toward the bank you're fishing. Mussels, if you can find them on the shoreline, are a great tipping bait .Be careful breaking them open  as the broken shell shards can cut the fingers like a sharp knife!  Long Rods and long casts are necessary if fish are farther from the bank than casts from shorter rods can allow. Sometimes it's a very slow steady retreive that nails them and Crappies and Bluegills may want the same presentation. A twister Tail on a Squirrel Tail ,Buck tail , Feather or Marabou Jig works with this retrieve .If you tip with bait ,sometimes it's best to just pop the float and wait for a take.Crawler pieces or mealworms are baits of choice.A third presentation is to slowly sweep the rod forward a 1/2 a foot or so and let the jig or bait settle .Watch the float, sometimes it doesn't go down but it starts moving off .Keep reeling the line in and you find they're on . Jigs from 24th up to 1/8th oz. casts well with the proper sized float .As the weather gets colder use lighter jigs and if you still need more weight to cast put split shot up the line away from the hook .

 Through the ice both Yellows and Whites ( and certainly Bluegills ) are very willing biters and the Rattlin Flyer spoon finds them as well as the jiggin Rapala! Tipping spoons with Perch Eyes are often taken by either Perch or Bluegills .Works great! Live shiners or fathead minnows on tip ups may be the ticket as Perch love a lively bait through the ice. It often happens that the Biggest Perch will eat a good sized Shiner on a tip up . However ,save your dead shiners bring them home and salt them .Next time out put a shiner head or tail section on a jiggin' spoon and work it for Perch and Crappie .I always look out for dead shiners on the ice ,left by tip up  fisherman leaving the ice .I save  them  to use on spoons and catch Crappie this way but Perch can be caught this way as well.   Yellow Perch  can be found on a somewhat sandy sparsely  weeded  and level bottom on my home lake at 12-15' summer and winter.Spring catches are  usually found in a shallower cove or  spawn area near inlets on the same lake . I do believe Yellow and White Perch relate closely to flowing water either coming into a lake or stream beds under the lake surface .Fishing close to bottom under these circumstances has been my target areas for Perch numbers.They are allies as I see it and if you want Whites speed up ,yellows ,slow down .Either way good chance you'll catch food fish as they are both schoolers !

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Really can't say Charlie I would guess they drop back to the basin during fronts and winter but you gotta ask local Perch fisherman .I am no expert just a learning fisherman.I am looking forward to some photos from you .Your avid interest will pay off I'm sure!

boy you know how to put the pressure on a guy!  right now we're getting a preety good rainfall so the river will be up and dirty. may have to good to my local gravel pit lake to fish. I did pretty good there last week on gills and some specks. marked fish from top to bottom and caught fish at all depths.

fall fishing has always taken second place behind bowhunting but this fall i plan on fishing more!

Heh heh! Fishing  those current breaks with worms around islands and points and working eddies may be worth a try .

Ice Perch on Cupsaw lake have been plentiful but very small .They like waxies, mealworms and Perch eyes. Getting them ,a few feet off bottom in water 8-12 feet. 

John...I would look into the Game & Fish Publications out of Marietta, GA and see if this would be suitable for either their New Jersey edition or they may be producing a NorthEast edition of G&F. Either way, google Game & Fish Publications and see if they have a regional issue for your area. You would want to contact the editor of that issue and query him/her as to your proposal...say, a Perch Through the Seasons' offering with detailed techniques and rigging. You may want to organize all this dynamite info with subtitles, like Yellows by the seasons, and white perch yearly patterns. Or, just do both species together under the spring, summer, fall and winter subtitles.

Some things to keep in mind when submitting or writing articles for consideration...

Get the magazines writers guidelines and study them.

Keep the 'word count' number within 50 words, plus or minus, or their requested totals.

Send only your best photos, without any graphics displayed. Less usually says more here.

Many regional publications are more interested in a where-to story over a how-to story, but not always. Editors tend to favor the 'where to go' appeal of a fishing/hunting story as it appeals to the masses.

Detailed and precise how-to stuff, like your story here, is also in demand. You may want to integrate a trip experience to show the effectiveness of your technique, naming your public lake and totals caught. The mussel trick would be a unique and good approach.

Hope some of this helps...also check out the New Jersey Edition of The Fisherman Magazine, mostly salt water, but some fresh.

Let me know how it goes and maybe I can help out more...      Jim

Thanks very much for your reply Jim !Great info and suggestions. Really enjoy reading your fishing articles !

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